DT-10P AND DT-30P TRACKED TWO-UNIT CARRIERS (Vityaz (Knight) family)

These carriers are intended to transport weapons, military equipment and materiel in harsh road and climatic conditions. Vityaz (knight) vehicles represent a unified family of tracked two-unit carriers DT-10P (10-t load-carrying capacity) and DT-30P (30-t load-carrying capacity). The two-unit carriers are incorporated in a basically new category of high-speed transport facilities — articulated tracked vehicles combining high loadcarrying capacity with high cross-country ability and maneuverability in harsh road and climatic conditions.

DT-10P AND DT-30P TRACKED TWO-UNIT CARRIERS (Vityaz (Knight) family)

Basic Characteristics
DT-10P
DT-30P
Filled carrier weight, t
21.5
29
Load-carrying capacity, t
10
30
Engine:
type
diesel, V-46-5
power, kW (hp)
522 (710)
Speed, km/h
maximum
37
in water
5 – 6
4
Maximum gradient, deg
35
30
Specific ground pressure, MPa (kg/cm2)
0.022 (0.22)
0.026 (0.27)
Fuel distance, km
500
Fording depth, m
amphibious
Chassis overall dimensions, mm:
length
13,620
15,465
width
2,800
3,100
height
2,700
3,140

Russian Military Forces Weapon

Russian Military Forces Weapon

Intended to engage low-flying targets on head-on and pursuit courses in clutter and IR jamming environments. The Igla system comprises a missile kept in a launch tube with a power supply source, a launch mechanism, training aids and maintenance facilities. The system features automatic input of lead and elevation angles, in-depth detonation of the warhead, detonation- capable propellant in the propulsion unit and a bias circuit in the homing head that ensures a hit at the most vulnerable target elements.

Basic Characteristics
Targets

tactical aircraft, helicopters,

RPVs and cruise missiles
Target engagement altitude, m
10 – 3,500
Target engagement range, m
500 – 5,200
Target speed, m/s:
head-on
up to 360 – 400
pursuit
up to 320
Weight of combat components, kg:
in combat configuration
17
in traveling configuration
18.8
Time into action, s
up to 13
Reaction time, s
up to 5
AD missile (9M39):
caliber, mm
72
length, mm
1,574
weight, kg
10.6
average flight speed, m/s
570
homing head
thermal, passive
warhead
HE fragmentation
fuze
impact, penetration
warhead self-destruction time, s
14 – 17
Operating temperature range, 0C
from -40 to +50

Visit our photo gallery

Tu-160 SUPERSONIC STRATEGIC MISSILE-CARRYING BOMBER

The Tu-160 bomber is intended to defeat the most important targets in far-off military-geographic areas and in the deep rear of continental theaters of operations by using nuclear and conventional weapons.

The bomber’s airframe is of an integrated configuration featuring a blended wing-body layout. The peculiarity of the airframe structure resides in a titanium beam which is an all-welded torsion box provided with outer wing panel tilting assemblies. All the main airframe members are secured on this longitudinal beam running through the entire air frame.

The variable-geometry (from 20 to 65 degrees) wing assures high aerodynamic characteristics at both supersonic and subsonic speeds alike. The aircraft is equipped with all-moving vertical and horizontal tail surfaces. It features a fly-by-wire control system.

The Tu-160 bomber is powered by four augmented turbofan engines arranged in two engine nacelles and provided with variable vertical wedge air intakes.

The bomber is equipped with an inflight refueling system provided with an extendible refueling probe arranged in the nose fuselage in front of the pilots’ cockpit.

The crew occupies K-36LM ejection seats enabling the crewmembers to escape from the aircraft in an emergency at all altitudes and airspeeds, including zero values.

The Tu-160’s avionics comprises an integrated aiming, navigation and flight control system; airborne radar; ECM equipment; automatic control system; and other equipment. It ensures the execution of flight missions at any time of the day and in all weather and climatic conditions.

The aircraft features a highly computerized airborne equipment.

The cockpit data display system is represented by electromechanical dispalys and monitors. The control columns, which are traditional for large aircraft, are replaced here by the fighter type control sticks.

The Tu-160 bomber’s armament comprises subsonic nuclear-tipped longrange cruise missiles. The missiles are arranged on multistation launchers, six missiles in each of the two weapon bays. Provision is also made for aerial bombs of various purpose and types with a total weight of up to 40 t.

Basic Characteristics:

Crew
4
Weight, t:
maximum takeoff
275
normal/maximum combat load
9/40
fuel
148
Operational flight range
with normal/maximum combat load, km
over 12,500/10,500
Maximum flight speed, km/h:
at altitude
2,200
near ground
1,030
Service ceiling, m
15,000
Required concrete runway length, m
3,050
Overall dimensions
(length x height x wing span), m
54.1 x 13.1 x 55.7/35.6
Engine type,
number x thrust, kgf
NK-32, 4 x 25,000

 

MG-74ME SELF-PROPELLED MULTIPUPOSE SONAR COUNTERMEASURES SYSTEM

Designed to suppress adversary’s antisubmarine sonar and torpedo homing systems, mislead enemy antisubmarine forces and divert homing torpedoes in any area of the World Ocean.

The system comprises an electronic/acoustic section, two-mode electric propulsion system, and electric power pack (dry-charged battery with electrolyte kept separately). The system can be used to saturate enemy acoustic systems or replicate ship’s signature.

When the system operates to saturate enemy acoustic systems, it emits powerful sonar noise signals. When it operates as a ship’s signature replicator, it performs a programmed maneuver and simulates a submarine trying to evade antisubmarine forces and weapons.

The system can be launched from torpedo tubes of Russian-made submarines, Projects 641, 877 and 636.

The running depth, speed, acoustic operating mode and maneuver program are entered mechanically (via a spindle). There are drill and practice configurations of the system used for training naval personnel at bases and aboard submarines.

The system is easy to operate.

Basic Characteristics:

Caliber, mm
533
Length, mm
4,800
Operating depth, m
20 to 250
Speed, knots
16 and 22

PROJECT 636 DIESEL-ELECTRIC SUBMARINE

Designed to attack submarines and surface ships, defend naval bases, seacoast and communications, as well as carry out reconnaissance and landing missions.

The submarine of Project 636 incorporates the most advanced engineering solutions, which have made it possible to reduce its noise to the noise level of natural marine environment. Blending into natural marine noise, the submarine is capable of detecting a target at a distance three to four times that at which it can be detected by adversary’s sonar systems. Consequently, it forestalls the enemy in carrying out a torpedo attack.

The submarine is equipped with a versatile information and battle management system, which incorporates a high-speed computer.

The submarine’s sonar system is capable of:

– operating in a circular scan mode and listening to the noise produced by submarines and surface ships;

– measuring distance to a target by an «echo» method in a sector of ±30° relative to the boat course;

– providing long-range and shortrange telephone/telegraph communication;

– detecting acoustic signals and determining their bearings.

The submarine is equipped with a mine-hunting unit, which operates in the active mode to detect mines and other small-size objects. The boat’s navigation equipment includes course indicators, speed and distance meter, automatic position plotter, echo sounder, receiverindicators of radio navigation systems, and radio direction finder.

The radar equipment includes passive and active radars.

The submarine’s main propulsion unit includes:

– two diesel generators, one shaft driven by the main propulsion motor, and an economic speed electric motor;

– a backup propulsion unit consisting of two reserve shafts and electric motors.

The main propulsion unit provides for:

– propulsion in the submerged or surfaced position by the main electric propulsion motor, as well as by the economic speed electric propulsion motor;

– charging of strage batteries; – snorkeling mode;

The backup propulsion unit can be operated both underwater and on the surface.

The submarine is equipped with two diesel generators, each comprising a diesel engine and an AC generator. Other submarine systems include: diving system, drain system, trim system, low/medium/high air pressure systems, emergency blowing system, marine and steering hydraulic system, fuel system, firefighting system, ventilation system, air-conditioning system, deck-drain and sewage-disposal system, etc. All vital systems are duplicated. Most of these systems operate autonomously. They are manipulated either from the main control room or from battle stations.

The submarine’s machinery and sys- tems are adapted for operation in any climatic conditions. The submarine of Project 636 has two hulls and elegant shape. It features a considerable reserve of buoyancy and unsinkability. The boat remains afloat if one of its compartments and two adjacent main ballast tanks on one side are flooded. Moreover, it continues to perform its mission under these circumstances to the possible extent.

Basic Characteristics

Displacement, m3
about 2,350
Principal dimensions, m
73.8 x 9.9 x 6.3
Speed, knots:
submerged
20
surfaced
11
Range, miles
at economic speed of 3 knots
400
snorkeling at a speed of 7 knots
7,500
Diving depth, m:
maximum
300
operating
250
periscopic
17.5
Endurance, days
45
Armament:
six 533mm torpedo tubes;
12 torpedoes or 24 mines

203mm 2S7 (2S7M) PION (MALKA) SELF-PROPELLED CANNON

203mm 2S7 (2S7M) PION (MALKA) SELF-PROPELLED CANNON

Designed to defeat isolated distant critical targets and demolish fortifications.

This self-propelled cannon is a turretless mount. Provision is made for manual loading with mechanized ramming. In firing, the gunner is stationed outside the armored hull. The mount is fitted with a recoil spade.

Basic Characteristics
Firing range (HEF projectile/RAP), km:
maximum
37.5/47.5
minimum
10
Rate of fire, rds/min
1.5 (2.5)
Elevation, deg
from 0 to +60
Traverse, deg
30
HEF projectile weight, kg
110
Mount weight, t
46
Crew
7
Unit of fire (onboard ammunition load), rds
40 (4/8)

PENIYE TRAINING TARGET SYSTEM

PENIYE TRAINING TARGET SYSTEM

Intended for live firings by air defense units and testing of air defense missile (artillery) systems.

The training target system ensures:
– simulation of flight of manned and pilotless air attack assets, including precision-guided ones, at low and medium altitudes (up to 5 km) in radar and infrared wavebands;
– ejection of heat and passive radar decoys in compliance with a preset program;
– flight of an air target simulator within a wide range of trajectories, including straight flight, dive and pullup, as well as a ballistic trajectory;
– complete safety of operation of the air target simulator on the ground and in flight.

The training target system comprises:
– 2P25 self-propelled launcher of the Kvadrat (Kub) air defense missile system;
– 3M20M3 air target simulator;
– standard ground support equipment of the Kvadrat air defense missile system.
The 3M20M3 air target simulator is based on the type 3M9 SAM with expired terms of serviceability, faulty homing heads and radio fuzes, whose repair is hampered or not expedient.

 Basic Characteristics
Length, mm
5,841
Wing span, mm
932
Weight, kg
600
Service life, h
2 – 10
Flight range, km
up to 24
Flight altitude, km
0.5 – 6
Flight speed, m/s
200 – 600
Flight time, s
up to 70
G-load during maneuvers
up to 8
ERA (depending on complement), m2:
with metal fairing
0.1 – 0.3
with radiotransparent fairing
1
with Luneberg lens
3 – 5
Infrared radiation simulation means
T-60 tracking flare
Level of heat radiation
in infrared band of 3 – 5 μ, W/sr:
head-on course
3 – 100
pursuit course
100 – 300
Number of:
heat decoys
10
decoy firings

2 (in train or in salvo of two)

flight programs
7
Flight control method
programmable
Elimination method
forced